The commonly used foundry tools are
Shovel- It is used for conditioning and mixing
of the foundry sand. It consists of an iron pan fitted with a wooden
Hand riddle- It is made up of wooden frame and wire
mesh. It is used to remove foreign material from sand by riddling.
Rammers- It is used to strike the sand in the
molding box to pack it properly around the pattern. The commonly used
rammer (b) Hand rammer (c) Floor rammer
Strike off bar- It is flat bar having smooth surface
which is used to remove the excess sand after ramming.
Vent wire- It is a steel wire or rod having a
pointed edge. It is used to make holes or vents in the sand mould so
that hot gases can escape during casting.
Trowel- It is made of iron fitted with a wooden
handle. It is used to finish the flat surface.
Lifters- It is used to finish the sand mould
surface after removal of pattern.
Slicks- It is used to repair and finish the
mould surfaces and edges after the removal of pattern.
Draw spike- It is a steel rod having sharp edge at
one end and a ring on another side. It is used for rapping and drawing
pattern from the mould.
Draw screws- They have a loop at one end and screws
at another end. They are used to draw pattern from sand.
Rapping plate- It is used in conjugation with draw
screws. Rapping holes are provided to accommodate draw screws.
Smoothers and corner slicks-
These are finishing tools used to repair and finish flat and round
surfaces, corners and edges.
Mallet- It is a wooden hammer which is used to
drive the draw spike into the pattern.
Bellow- It is used to blow away the unwanted
sand from mould surface and cavity.
Swab- This fiber brush is used for moistening
of edges of sand mould before withdrawing the pattern.
Sprue pin- It is mainly made of iron or wood which
is used to produce a hole, called ‘runner’. It is embedded in sand and
removed later on.
Gate cutter- It is used to cut the gate which
connects the runner hole with the mould cavity. It is made of sheet
Clamps- These are used to clamp the molding