A selection process involves various steps. The basic idea is
to get maximum information about the candidate
to find their suitability for the post he has
applied for. Selection process may have
different steps involved according to vacancy or
depends upon organization. Some organization may
or may not conduct test before interviews.
Standard selection process is ass follows,
Screening of Applications:
- Applicants have to fill up some sort of
application forms. These forms seek variety of
information from the candidate like personal
detail, educational details and professional
experiences etc. These applications are screened
thoroughly to check the suitability of
candidates for the post and only those
applications are further processed who are found
to be meeting the job standards.
- Many organizations hold the different kind of
selection test to know more about the candidates
and to reject the candidates. These selection
tests provide the actual information about
candidates’ knowledge, aptitude, interests,
personalities which can not be known by
application forms. Candidates who are passed in
the tests are called for the next step i.e.
- Selection tests are normally followed by
personal interviews of the candidates. These
interviews are conducted to find overall
suitability of candidates for job. It also
provides the relevant information about
organization to candidates. Interviews may be
one to one or panel interview. In many cases
interview of preliminary kind can be conducted
before selection tests, for example in case of
campus selection preliminary interviews is held
for short listing the candidates for tests.
-Many organizations ask the candidates to
provide names of referees from where more
information about the candidates may be taken.
Such information may be related to character or
work behaviour etc. the usual referees are head
of the institutes from candidates have completed
their education or may be previous employer in
case of candidate is experienced.
- Medical test is carried out of the selected
candidates to know about their physical and
mental fitness. Some organizations place the
physical examination near or ate end of
selection process, some may locate it earlier.
Approval by authority:
- On the basis of above steps the list of
candidates is made by the selection committee
for the recommendation. Organization may
designate various authorities for final approval
of the candidates. For top level managers
approving authorities can be Board of Directors
and for low level positions departmental heads
may be approving authority.
- After all the formalities are completed
candidates are placed on their jobs initially on
probation basis. This probation period may vary
from three months to two years. After successful
completion of this tenure candidates are
employed as permanent.