Principle of objective:
The organizational goal should be formulated for
the business as whole and organization should be
framed to achieve that goal. Departmental goals
should be developed so that ultimate common goal
should be attained. If the common organizational
goal is not decided, departments may set their
own goals and there may be occurrence of
conflict about the common objective.
Division of work:
the organization should be framed in a manner
such that every individual should get work
according to his ability, skills and knowledge.
The employees should do that work continuously
to achieve specialization that particular work.
This will increase his efficiency.
Authority and responsibility:
The amount of authority decreases as we go
downward in the organizational level. For every
given work or responsibility there must be
provision of authority to get that work done.
The manager can delegate his authority to his
subordinates to complete the task but
responsibility to complete that work can not be
delegated, only manager would be answerable for
the given work not his subordinates.
Unity of command:
There should be unity of command in the
organization. An employee should be controlled
by one boss. He should get orders from one
superior and should report to the same superior.
If a person is under the control of more than
one person then there would be confusions and
conflicts. Unity of command would lead to better
coordination and controlling.
Span of control:
There should be proper span of control. Span of
control is the number of subordinate reporting
directly to a manger. The number of subordinates
should be in such manner so that supervision can
be done effectively. If span is not planned
appropriately efficiency of workers will be
There should be proper chain of supervisor from
top level to lower level in vertical direction.
This also shows the direction of communication
in the organization. This suggests that
communication should pass through each position
placed in the chain.