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Levels of management:

 
 

Level of management tells about the position of the manager in an organization on the basis of authority. Thus on the basis of authority and responsibility management can be divided in three types

       Top Management

       Middle Management

       Lower Management

Top Management: Top management consists of owner, board of directors, chief executive officer, managing director and general manager. These people are not engaged in the day to day operational activities of the organization. Their activities consists of

          Determining the objectives and goals of the enterprises

          Framing policies and plans to achieve the goals

          Assembling the resources like money men material

          Exercising effective control

          Providing overall leadership

 

Middle Management: Middle management consists of senior middle management or functional heads like production manager, finance manager, marketing manage and junior middle management like branch heads divisional heads. This level of the management is basically acts as link between top and low level management. Their major activities are

          Implementing the policies and plan laid down by the top management.

          Preparation of organizational setup in their departments

          Selecting suitable operative and supervisory personnel

          Assigning duties and responsibilities to lower management

          Maintaining Coordination between departments

          Collecting reports and information on performance

          Reporting to top management

 

Lower management: It consists of supervisors, superintendents and foreman.  They are direct in touch with technical work and workers. Actual execution of plans and polices took place at this level. Their activities includes

          Planning of day to day work

          Give orders to execute the work

          They arrange material and equipment for workers

          Provide job training to workers

          Maintain proper discipline in section and good relation among the workers

          Communicate the problems of workers to higher levels

 

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